WHAT HAPPENS DURING AN ALLERGY?
Your body overreacts to otherwise harmless substances around you called allergens like pollen, dust, food items or even medication.
Once in contact, your body thinks these allergens are invaders and releases the chemical, histamine to fight them.
This, in turn, can cause reactions like skin rashes, headaches, sneezing, nausea and even anaphylaxis (which can be fatal without medical attention).
ALLERGENS, ALL AROUND US
Although, you cannot completely avoid allergens, learning which ones affect you will help you manage them smarter:
In our food:
Eggs, shellfish, nuts and grains
In the air:
Dust mites, pet dander, pollen, molds, insect stings
And everywhere else:
Medications, infections, and even some plants
Spotting The Symptoms
Depending on how you are exposed to allergens, you may experience symptoms in your eyes, nose and lungs (if inhaled) or mouth, stomach and intestines (if consumed). the most common symptoms are:
- skin rash
- runny nose
ANAPHYLAXIS, the most severe reaction, can be fatal and needs immediate medical attention.
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Doing The Diagnosis
A few reasons why diagnosis is important to treat allergies:
- To determine whether your symptoms are caused by allergies
- To find out which allergens are affecting you
- To find out if it is a seasonal or year-round allergy
- To help children live a fuller life without missing school or spending holidays being unwell
Not All Allergies Are The Same
Allergies can be seasonal (worsening during certain times of the year) or perennial (occurring year-round).
Other allergy types include hives and asthma.
Since allergies keep occurring frequently, it is easy to mistake them as cold. moreover, they share many symptoms: sneezing, coughing, runny nose, and fatigue. while you must consult your doctor to understand your condition, these signs may help you understand your condition better:
- Symptoms appear at once, same time every year
- Symptoms may last weeks
- Itchy eyes are a common symptom
- Symptoms appear one at a time
- Symptoms last up to 14 days
- Slight, general aches